The founding law of the Agricultural College of Athens (ACA, 1920) provided a regular General Headquarter of Animal Husbandry (Professor John Dimakopoulos, 1921-1965), which aimed towards teaching and research in Mendel Genetics, Dairy Science and Feedstuffs Technology.The latter represented the course of animal nutrition, which included the teaching of the feedstuffs properties.

The rapid development of poultry and feedstuffs industry created the need of a separate Faculty of Animal Husbandry (1950), which in turn brought major changes in the teaching of Animal Nutrition. Latter on (1964), Animal Nutrition was established as an independent Department, andteaching topics were divided into 3 main areas, the Physiology of Nutrition, the Feedstuffs Technology and the Applied Nutrition of Farm Animals (Professor Pericles Kalaisakis, 1965-1986).

The progress of the Department was facilitated by the establishment (1980) in the new building, “J Dimakopoulos”.The main project of the Department until then was the study of feedstuffs of greek origin, the protein degradability in the forestomachs of ruminants and the fattening of crossbred dairy lambs. Additionally, a first attempt was made to create tables for chemical composition and nutritive value of feedstuffs used in our country.

Subsequently, the Department of Animal Nutrition was supplied with modern analyzers (Professor George Papadopoulos, 1986-1999), and the research activities were expanded to further detailed studies on nutrition and metabolism.

The Department of Animal Nutrition was renamed to Department of Nutritional Physiology and Feeding under the Head Professor George Zervas (since 1999). The current and future interests of the Department involve detailed research of the nutrition of farm animals in conjunction with the development of Biotechnology and Molecular Biology.Moreover, the organization of a modern computer room enhanced the ability to educate students in the formulation of economic and balanced diets for all types of animals by the method of linear programming.